Cataract Surgery


Duggal Hospital has brought in together some of the most talented medical professionals with cutting-edge technology and excellent working environment. Cataract unit is one of the most advanced cataract unit in the world for cataratct surgery.

Duggal Eye Hospital is using the technology called “PHACEMULSIFICATION” employing 1.8mm incision micro coaxial technique intra ocular lens (IOL) implantation. It is a much safer & efficient technique than the triditional phacoemulsification technique.

Duggal Eye Hospital has completed 8 years in micro incision cataract surgery technique (mics).am.

  • Q. What is Cataract?
Q. What is Cataract?

Cataract is a natural clouding of the clear natural crystalline lens in the eyes. This is a normal outcome of the aging process but may also result out of trauma to the eye, heredity or diabetes. It is because of heredity that one sees infantile cataracts in some newborn babies.

  • Symptoms of cataract
Symptoms of cataract

Whatever the cause, cataracts typically result in blurred or fuzzy vision and sensitivity to light.

  • Treatment of cataract
Treatment of cataract

The only treatment for cataract is surgical intervention through which the cloudy natural lens is removed and replaced with a clear artificial lens. A cataract can be operated at any stage. In India, there is a myth that cataract’s should only be operated when “mature”. This may actually lead to complications.

  • Cataract surgery
Cataract surgery

Duggal Eye Hospital uses the cutting edge technique of Phacoemulsification with a foldable lens implant for cataract surgeries. We use the latest generation Phaco machine. In most cases it is a no stitch , no bandage,no injection, leading to very quick visual recovery and rehabilitation resulting in ‘walk in – walkout’ cataract surgery.


There has been a rapid evolution in cataract treatment over the past few years.This is the latest advance in cataract removal wherein a small ultrasonic probe is inserted into the eye through a cut of 2.8 mm or less. This probe breaks (emulsifies) the cloudy lens into tiny pieces and gently sucks these out of the eye. The surgeon then implants the replacement lens through this cut.
Kinds of lenses used in Cataract Surgeries.

While non-foldable lenses are made up of PMMA, a hard plastic material, Foldable lenses are either made of acrylic(Hydrophilic/Hydrophobic)
The advantage of a foldable over a non-foldable lens is that the incision is very small and consequently the recovery period is much faster. Whichever the lens used, cataract surgery is a small procedure wherein the patient is discharged after a couple of hours and can safely go back home the same day.

Post surgery, in certain patients, a very thin film develops behind the artificial lens. The treatment is a painless 10 minutes OPD procedure wherein the doctor cuts away this film through a process called Yag Laser.


There has been a rapid evolution in cataract treatment over the past few years, which translates to added patient benefits, including improved visual outcomes and faster recoveries.

  • Cataract surgery is performed using a surgical technique Phacoemulsification.
Cataract surgery is performed using a surgical technique Phacoemulsification.

This technique involves a no-stitch no needle approach that leads to a relatively fast visual recovery. During the surgical procedure the patient is first prepped using a local anesthetic and drops. After the eye has been sterilized the surgeon will make a 2.5 to 3 millimeter incision in the eye. In order to see inside the eye our doctors perform this delicate surgery with a powerful magnifying microscope.

A device known as the emulsifier is inserted and begins to ultrasonically crush the cataract. Once the cataract has been pulverized it is then suctioned out via a small tube. Once all of the old lens material has been evacuated a foldable intraocular lens is inserted in the same place as the old lens.

  • Procedure

Phaecoemulsification is a quick outpatient procedure that corrects vision with little discomfort and rapid return to normal activities. It requires a tiny incision and breaks up the cataract with ultrasound waves. Next, a soft, flexible synthetic intraocular lens (IOL) is inserted into the lens capsule of the eye. There is also a multifocal lens option to provide distant, near and intermediate vision.

In most cases, the incision is so small that the eye heals rapidly with little or no discomfort. Drops are used after cataract surgery, and the patient is asked to refrain from swimming or water activity for two weeks.

  • Q. How should I prepare for phacoemulsification ?
Q. How should I prepare for phacoemulsification ?

No special preparation is needed for phacoemulsifiaction. Your ophthalmologist should make sure there are no associated pathologies, which can interfere with the prognosis, by making an extensive examination of your eyes including pupil dilation. A measurement of your eye’s length and corneal curvature is crucial for calculating the power of the intraocular lens to be implanted.

  • Q. What should I do after surgery ?
Q. What should I do after surgery ?

It is important not to squeeze your eye the first couple of days after surgery. Normally there will be some foreign body sensation, similar to having an eyelash in your eye. No bandages are required so the patient walks out of the operating room by his own means even though vision will be blurry for 2 or 3 days. Eyedrops will be prescribed for 2 to 3 weeks. Two weeks after surgery you will be able to perform any activity without risk.

  • Safe Surgery; Speedy Recovery
Safe Surgery; Speedy Recovery

Not long ago, cataract surgery required a hospital stay and was usually postponed as long as possible. Today, the procedure is performed on an out-patient basis and takes only a few minutes. Patients are free to return home to rest in comfort and avoid the inconvenience and expense of a hospital stay. In most cases, daily activities such as driving and reading can be resumed almost immediately.

Cataract surgery is considered one of the most popular and highly successful procedures, with improved vision occurring in over 90 percent of cases. In fact, a study by the American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery recently reported that more than 98 percent of cataract patients had their vision successfully improved following surgery. Many patients report vision that is even better than before they developed cataracts. Results are permanent; once removed, cataracts will not reoccur.

  • Oculoplasty

Oculoplasty is a specialized branch of Ophthalmology, which focuses on abnormalities of the structures around the eye.Oculoplastic procedures refer to a large variety of surgical procedures that deal with the orbit (eye socket), eyelids, tear ducts, extra ocular structures, other structures around the eye and the face. These procedures include repair of droopy eyelids, repair of tear duct obstructions, orbital fracture repairs, removal of tumors in and around the eyes.
Oculoplastic procedures frequently have both functional and aesthetic purposes.
For example, Blepharoplasty, a procedure for excessive and droopy eyelid skin, may improve peripheral vision as well as facial beauty and rejuvenation. It aims at improving function, comfort and appearance. 

  • Conditions for Oculoplastic Referral :
Conditions for Oculoplastic Referral :

People of any age group can have problems with the areas around the eyes. Some conditions can be present in children, as birth defects, or appear in early childhood. These conditions in children need to be addressed early as they may hamper visual development, and lead to lazy eye (amblyopia).
Injuries, infections or tumours can affect any age group, and need early attention and management. In the elderly weakness of eye and face muscles, lead to watering, drooping of the lids or skin folds that hamper normal function. There are several conditions for which you might be referred to an Oculoplastic surgeon.

  • Pediatric Cataract sugery
Pediatric Cataract sugery

Every year, hundreds of thousands of babies around the world are born with a cataract in one or both eyes. This condition is known as pediatric cataract, and can lead to severe vision loss – or even blindness. But not only is pediatric cataract treatable, it’s often preventable.

That’s where we come in.

Diagnosing Pediatric Cataract

What to look for in newborns

Parents or care givers of new born babies can often identify a congenital cataract at birth or soon there after by looking for a “white pupil“ where the normal pupil is typically black in one or both eyes.

Seek professional diagnosis:

Seeking examination by an ophthalmologist, optometrist or pediatrician, removal of the cataract, and follow up care in the first weeks and months of life are recommended.


Treatment with a contact lens or implanting an IOL (intraocular lens) and follow up care including binocular vision and low vision support services is recommended as well.


Failure to act or delay in treatment can lead to loss of vision or functional blindness.
  • Vitreoretinal surgery
Vitreoretinal surgery

Vitreoretinal surgery does not refer to one specific type of surgery. It refers to any surgical procedure that treats eye problems involving the retina, macula, and vitreous fluid. These vision disorders include macular degeneration, retinal detachment, and diabetic retinopathy.

The retina is a tissue in the inner eye. It converts images that one sees into electric impulses that the brain can interpret. The macula is part of the retina that helps process central vision. Vitreous fluid fills the eyeball and helps it maintain its shape.

Vitreoretinal surgery can treat a detached retina, which happens due to a retinal tear. A retina may detach gradually or suddenly. Symptoms of retinal detachment may include flashes of light and spots that obstruct vision. Retinal detachment can occur due to an injury. It may also occur when the vitreous fluid pulls on the retina.

Eye surgery typically can correct a detached retina. An eye surgeon may use silicone oil or a bubble of gas to hold the retina in place. He can then use laser photocoagulation to attach the retina by sealing the blood vessels. A patient with a detached retina has a better chance of regaining lost vision if it is treated immediately.

Vitreoretinal surgery also can be used to treat macular degeneration. Macular degeneration typically occurs as a result of damage to the macula. It can cause severe vision loss, especially in older adults.
While there is no cure for macular degeneration, one type of this disease can be treated with vitreoretinal surgery. Specifically, the eye surgeon can use laser photocoagulation to seal any blood vessels that are leaking and damaging the eye. This can help preserve vision; however, the patient usually is left with a permanent dark spot in the field of vision.

An eye surgeon can also use vitreoretinal surgery to treat eye problems relating to the vitreous fluid. A vitrectomy is a surgical procedure that involves removing the natural vitreous fluid of the eye and replaces it with a saline liquid. Vitrectomies may be performed due to the introduction of foreign matter into the eyeball, such as blood. Leaking blood vessels in the eyeball could be caused by diabetic retinopathy, or damage to the blood vessels.

For a vitrectomy, the patient may be placed under general anesthesia. The surgeon will create three very small openings in the eyeball. These incisions are used to allow surgical instrument access to the eyeball. Following the eye surgery, the patient usually will need to apply antibiotic eye drops for a few weeks. Vitrectomies typically are highly successful in restoring or greatly improving a patient’s vision.

Any type of vitreoretinal surgery is a serious procedure. Before having surgery, the patient typically should discuss the possible risks with his eye surgeon. While risks do exist, vitreoretinal surgery might be the best option for some patient.

About Us

Duggal Eye Hospital provides preventive, diagnostic, therapeutic, Rehabilitative and support services under one roof and is designed to meet patient care and requirements of the new millennium. Hospital is centrally located at Kishanpura Chowk ,Jalandhar City. Duggal Eye Hospital offers state-of-the- art eye facilities in Eye Care.

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